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Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
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Niger: 2016 election Factsheet

Background
[AEP] Niger gained independence from France in 1960. The West African nation have had their fair share of coups; in 1974, 1996, 1999, and 2010. The first President Diori Hamani ruled from independence through a one-party system until his overthrow in 1974 in a coup led by Lt. Colonel Seyni Kountché. Kountché ruled until his demise in 1987. His successor, General Ali Seybou, re-introduced the one-party system and ruled until he succumbed to international pressure and domestic protest. This led to a referendum in 1992 and Niger’s first multi-party elections in 1993.

Mahamane Ousmane, a young politician won the presidential vote in a run-off but was overthrown by the military in 1996 after a tension between him and his prime minister, Issoufou Mahamadou. A short military transition gave way for an election that ushered in leader Colonel Ibrahim Bare Mainassara as president in a vote considered to be fraught with irregularities. However, he was deposed 3 years later.

The adoption of a new constitution in 2000 led to an election which brought Tandja Mamadou, a retired military officer and a member of the former junta to power. After serving the allowable two 5-year terms, Mamadou held a referendum to extend the presidential term limits. Nevertheless, he was overthrown just 6 months after the referendum in 2010 becoming the fourth president of Niger to suffer a putsch.

A new constitution and election in 2011 saw veteran Issoufou Mahamadou come to power. The election was considered to be one of the most credible in the nation’s history.

Niger runs a semi-presidential system in which the president and the prime minister share executive power.

Niger has seen 6 republics since its independence.

Last Presidential Electio
ns: 12th March, 2011
Elections Date: Sunday 21th February, 2016.
Official Campaign Date: 30 January, 2016
Second Run Date (if needed): 3rd March, 2016
President: Issoufou Mahamadou
Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini
Electoral Management Body: The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) - www.ceni-niger.org

Below are some facts and figures about the February, 2016 elections:
• A president can only serve two 4-year terms whilst parliamentarians serve 5-year terms.
• Issoufou Mahamadou will be running for a second and final term if he wins.
• Niger will increase its unicameral National Assembly representation from 113 seats to 171 in this polls.
• All members of the parliament will be elected through universal suffrage
• 15 candidates are expected to contest the presidential race in the February 21 polls.
• In the event of a second round, four main opposition candidates, including ex-President Mahamane Ousmane, who ruled from 1993 to 1996, Mr Oumarou, Hama Amadou and Amadou M. Cisse have formed an alliance to context Mr. Issoufou in the second round of the polls.
• An estimated 7.5 million are eligible to vote in the polls.
• Presidential aspirant Hama Amadou is likely to contest from prison. He has been on remand since November for allegations of baby-trafficking.
• Mahamadou’s party, the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS Tarayya), won only 33% of seats in the parliament and formed a coalition, the Nigerien Movement for Renaissance (MRN), in order to secure a legislative majority
• 4 people were barred contesting for presidency by the Constitutional Court for being “morally inept”
• Niger needs to be alert on threats of new terrorist attacks from jihadist group – Boko Haram.
• International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF) called for the removal of 300 “ghost” polling stations and 25,000 voter duplication on voter register
• Nigeria is supplying elections materials for polls.
• Popular Twitter hashtags: #Niger2016, #Takara2016, #NigerVote

Key elections observer groups
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF), European Union (EU), African Union (AU), National Democratic Institute (NDI), International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), among others

Leading Candidates, respective parties and relevant links:

Mahamadou Issoufou [Incumbent]: Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS)
Website: http://pnds-tarayya.net
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MahamadouIssoufoupresident
Twitter: https://twitter.com/issoufoumhm

Hama Amadou [Former President of the National Assembly and two-time prime minister]: "MODEN-FA Lumana"
Website: http://lumanafrica.org
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ModenFALumanAfrica
Twitter: https://twitter.com/panhamaamadou

Amadou Boubacar Cissé [former Prime Minister]: Union for Democracy and the Republic (UDR-Tabbat)
Website: http://www.amadou-cisse.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Amadou-Boubacar-Ciss%C3%A9-1670255123188461/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/abc_niger
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCE1QvSQayS4QJihosd2ST9w
Blog: http://abcpresident2011.blogspot.com/2010/05/site-officiel-de-amadou-boubacar-cisse.html

Mahamane Ousmane [Former President, 1993t o1996]: Democratic and Social Convention (CDS-Rahama)
Website:

Seyni Oumarou [Largest opposition party]: National Movement for Development and Society (MNSD)
Website: http://mnsdnassara.org
Facebook: www.facebook.com/mnsdnassara.org
Twitter: https://twitter.com/mnsdnassara

Other key links:
http://africanelections.org/
http://allafrica.com/niger/
http://www.nigerinter.com/tag/ceni/
http://news.aniamey.com/h/65921.html
http://www.our-africa.org/niger
https://www.lonelyplanet.com/niger
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13943662
http://www.theguardian.com/world/niger




 


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